Vestnik Zoologii

Volume 47, No. 6 (November-December, 2013)
abstracts

Larval Stages of Phyllodistomum sp. (Digenea, Gorgoderidae) from the Duck Mussels Anodonta anatina in Ukraine. Kudlai O. S., Yanovich L. N. Rhopalocercous cercariae were found in the gonads of duck mussels, Anodonta anatina (Linnaeus, 1758) collected from the Sluch River (Zhytomyr oblast, Ukraine). The morphological features observed led to conclusion that this species belonged to the genus Phyllodistomum Braun, 1899. Obtained results suggested that the second intermediate hosts in the life cycle of this trematode were absent. Free-swimming cercariae were observed encysting in water. This species is similar to Phyllodistomum pseudofolium Nybelin, 1926 by overall body proportions and ratio of suckers: lengths of oral to ventral sucker 1 : 1.1; widths of the same organs 1 : 1.2. To confirm the taxonomic position of the species found and establish a possible relationship between it and P. pseudofolium an experimental infection of fish Carassius carassius (Linnaeus, 1758) as potential definitive host was performed. The infection was not successful. Descriptions and figures of all detected larval stages of Phyllodistomum sp.are provided.
Key words: trematodes, Gorgoderidae, Phyllodistomum, larval stages, Anodonta anatina, Ukraine.

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Cestode Parasites of Birds of Suborder Charadrii from Syvash Lake, Ukraine. Greben . B. Twelve birds species of the suborder Charadrii of the families Charadriidae, Recurvirostridae, Scolopacidae, Glareolidae were examined at Syvash Lake (Ukraine) in spring 2011. Cestodes were found in 82.1 % of examined birds. Seventeen cestode species of 6 families were found. Aploparaksis octacantha from Calidris alpin and Echinocotyloides dubininae from C. ferruginea are new geographical records for the first time in Ukraine. Glareola pratincola is a new host record for Nadejdolepis paranitidulans. Cestodes of the genus Microsomacanthus were found in waders apparently due to the infection (2.8 %) in their intermediate hosts, gammarid crustaceans.
Key words: Charadrii, cestodes, Syvash Lake, Ukraine.

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Occurrence of Gastro-Intestinal Parasites in Polish Primitive Horses from the Roztocze National Park, Poland. Slivinska K., Wrblewski Z., Gawor J. The study was performed to investigate the gastrointestinal parasite fauna using the method of diagnostic deworming in own modification in 29 Polish primitive horses (Equus caballus) from the Roztocze National Park, south-east of Poland. The parasite community was comprised of 35 species represented by three nematode families (Strongylidae, Ascaridae, Habronematidae), one cestode family (Anoplocephalidae) and larvae of insects from the family Gasterophilidae (Diptera). Strongylidae being 100 % prevalent was represented by 31 species from the subfamily Strongylinae (6 species) and Cyathostominae (25 species). Parascaris equorum was recorded in 48.3 %, Habronema muscae in 55.2 %, tapeworms (Anoplocephala perfoliata) in 24.1 % and Gasterophilus intestinalis larvae in 41.4 % of horses surveyed. The present results showed high prevalence of pathogenic intestinal parasites, which create the risk of health problems for horses living free in the reserve as well as stabled horses, when rarely treated.
Key words: Poli sh primitive horse; gastro-intestinal parasites; Roztocze National Park.

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Mining Flies of the Genus Ophiomyia (Diptera, Agromyzidae) of Eastern Ukraine and Adjacent Territories: Review of Species with a Fasciculus. Guglya J. A. During 20092013, twenty-three species of agromyzid flies from the genus Ophiomyia Braschnikov, 1897 were collected in the territory of eastern and south-eastern Ukraine. Among them, six species are described as new for science: Ophiomyia australis sp. n., O. crispa sp. n., O. fasciculusalba sp. n., O. malalata sp. n., O. punctata sp. n. and O. versera sp. n. Male heads and genitalia are illustrated for all species. Pictures of the female genitalia are also provided for . curvipalpis (Zetterstedt, 1848), O. disordens Pakalnikis, 1998, . Fennoniensis Spencer, 1976, . maura (Meigen, 1832), . melandricaulis Hering, 1943, . ranunculicaulis Hering, 1949, . slovaca ern, 1994, . skanensis Spencer, 1976 and . submaura Hering, 1926. Information on distribution and host plants are also provided.
Key words: Agromyzinae, Ophiomyia, fauna, Ukraine, new species.

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Revelieria groehni a New Species of Minute Brown Scavenger Beetles (Coleoptera, Latridiidae) from Baltic Amber. Sergi T. A., Perkovsky E. E., Reike H.-P. Based on a fossil specimen from Late Eocene Baltic amber, Revelieria groehni Sergi, Perkovsky et Reike, sp. n., a new species is described. It is the first fossil species of the genus Revelieria Perris, 1869. The new species clearly differs from extant R. californica and R. genei in the following characters: eyes more large and convex; antennal insertion located more close to eye; temples very short; metasternum longer; fore tibia evenly curved inwards.
Key words: Coleoptera, Latridiidae, Revelieria, new species, Late Eocene, Baltic amber.

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The Nature Protection Aspect of the Black Sea Fish Myxosporean (Myxozoa, Myxosporea) Studies. Yurakhno V. M. The species composition and indices of the myxosporeans infecting fish from the different nature conservation Black Sea regions were considered on the base of the original investigations and literature data. Myxosporean inhabiting the Red Book fish hosts were investigated. The myxosporean species potentially pathogenic for the fish health were identified and epizootological situation was estimated.
Key words: myxosporeans, fish, the Black Sea , nature preservation.

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The Ground-Beetles of Chlaeniini Tribe (Coleoptera, Carabidae) of Ukraine. Puchkov A. V. The data of geographical distribution of 20 species (18 occur in Ukraine) from 4 genera of Chlaeniini tribe are presented. Short review of changes of species composition in separate geographical regions of Ukraine is discussed. The short zoogeographical, bionomic and ecological data and key of Chlaeniini taxa (21 species) are given.
Key word: Coleoptera, Carabidae, Chlaeniini, Ukraine, distribution, ecology, key.

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Transitional Morphology in Hybrids of Hirudo verbana and H. orientalis (Clitellata, Hirudinida). Kovalenko M. V., Utevsky S. Yu. The aim of this research was to test the ability of hybridizing Hirudo orientalis S. Utevsky et Trontelj, 2005 and Hirudo verbana Carena, 1820. We obtained offspring from both species. The color pattern of all the hybrids was uniform and quite different from both the parents. The venter was similar to H. verbana. The dorsum was very similar to the color pattern of Hirudo medicinalis Linnaeus, 1758 that was not involved to the experiment. The coloration pattern of the hybrids, which is very similar to that of H. medicinalis suggests the hybrid origin of this species.
Key words: Hirudo, medicinal leech, hybrid, speciation.

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Species Complexes of the Oribatid Mites (Sarcoptiformes, Oribatei) in Soils of Urban Street Lawns with Different Pollution Rates. Shevchenko O. S., Kolodochka L. A. Species complexes of oribatid mites at six plots on the street lawns in one of Kyiv districts are studied. In total 27 species of 26 genera and 19 families of oribatid mites are found. Direct correlation between oribatid species diversity and the level of total soil pollution is not shown.
Key words: Sarcoptiformes, Oribatei, oribatid mites, pollution, city.

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The Find of the Skull of Ursus arctos (Carnivora, Ursidae) in the Alluvium of the Sula River. Kovalchuk . . The article provides a broad description of the skull of female of the brown bear, which was found in the alluvial sediments of the Sula river in vicinities of Nedrigajlov (Sumy region) in August 2008.
Key words: brown bear, skull, alluvium, Bronse Age, Sumy region.

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