Vestnik Zoologii

Volume 46, No. 3 (May-June, 2012)
abstracts

Oswaldocruzia duboisi (Nematoda, Molineidae): Morphology, Hosts and Distribution in Ukraine. Svitin R. S., Kuzmin Y. I. Oswaldocruzia duboisi Ben Slimane, Durette-Desset et Chabaud, 1993 previously known from France and Bulgaria is reported from Ukraine for the first time. The species was found in the material from 8 amphibian host species, of which Lissotriton montadoni, Triturus cristatus, Mesotriton alpestris, Pelophylax ridibunda, P. lessonae, and Hyla arborea are new host records. Newts (Salamandridae) and green frogs (Pelophylax) are considered to be typical hosts for O. duboisi. Illustrated morphological redescription of O. duboisi based on 141 specimens from various hosts is presented.
Key words: Oswaldocruzia, O. duboisi, Amphibia, Ukraine, synlophe, cervical alae.

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Systematic Position of the Genus Nikanoria (Hymenoptera, Eurytomidae), with Description of Two New Species. Zerova M. D., Seryogina L. Ya. The genus name Nikanoria is resurrected from synonymy and considered to be separate from Bruchophagus based on analysis of morphological characters and trophic associations. Nikanoria pygmaea Zerova, sp. n. and N. deserta Zerova, sp. n. are described.
Key words: Hymenoptera, Eurytomidae, Nikanoria, new species.

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The Anomalonine Ichneumonid Wasps (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Anomaloninae) in Ukrainian Fauna. Nuzhna A. D. A new species Habrocampulum marginatum Nuzhna, sp. n. is described from Ukraine (Irpin, Kyiv Region), which differs from H. biguttatum Gravenhorst, 1829 by longer epicnemial carina reaching above the centre of mesopleuron, by roughly punctured scutellum bordered with cushion-like protuberance, by non-elongated postscutellum and completely black head and scutellum. An improved key to genera of the tribe Gravenhorstiini of the subfamily Anomaloninae occurring in Ukraine is provided; it includes new characters.
Key words: Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae, Anomaloninae, identification key, new species, Ukraine.

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New Data on the Subfamily Otitinae (Diptera, Ulidiidae) in the Fauna of Iran. Mohamadzade Namin S., Nozari J., Najarpoor A. As a result of studies on picture-wing flies of the subfamily Otitinae in 20082011, Ceroxys robusta (Loew), C. munda (Loew), Herina rivosecchii Merz, Melieria subapennina (Rondani) and Myennis octopunctata (Coquebert) are recorded for the first time from Iran, and H. rivosecchii is recorded for the first time from Asia.
Key words: Diptera, Ulidiidae, Otitinae, Iran, new records.

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Paleozoological Researches in the Sumy Region (Historical Aspect). Kovalchuk A. N. Attempt of generalization of the results of paleozoological researches, which were spent in the territory of the Sumy region from the end of XVIII till XXI century, has been made in the article. Question about qualitative and quantitative parity of the paleontologic material, which was found throughout the specified period, was solved. The considerable attention was given to the contribution of teachers and students of the Sumy State Pedagogical University named after A. S. Makarenko in the development of the above-stated researches. Importance of the regional paleontologic works and their perspectivity in the territory of the Sumy region was underlined.
Key words: paleozoological researches, archaeological excavations, Late Cretaceous adjournments, Pleistocene, theriocomplex, fauna, Sumy region.

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Nesting of the Wasp Gymnomerus laevipes (Hymenoptera, Vespidae) in the Crimea. Fateryga A. V. The nests of Gymnomerus laevipes (Shuckard, 1837) disposed in the hollow stems of reed and bramble were studied. The nests contain from 2 to 14 cells (7 in average), sex ratio is female-biased (1.9 } to 1 {). The data on dimensional parameters of nest cavities, measurements of cells, mass of cells and prepupae were given; nest statistical model was constructed. The cells of G. laevipes nests a considered to belong to the type of full-component heteromorphic cells; their lengths are found to be inversely proportional to the diameter of the nest hollow. Female of G. laevipes attach its egg on the lateral wall of the cell near its bottom. Alfalfa weevil (Phytonomus variabilis) larvae were collected by females as the victuals. G. laevipes is monovoltine species; prepupae hibernate in dense one-layer cocoon. Adults leave the nest cells in sequence, reverse to sequence of cells laying. Nests were damaged by a parasitoid Hoplocryptus melanocephalus (Hymenoptera, Ichneumonidae), predator Trichodes apiarius (Coleoptera, Cleridae) and inquilines Chrysis rutilans (Hymenoptera, Chrysididae) and Amobia signata (Diptera, Sarcophagidae).
Key words: Gymnomerus laevipes, the Crimea, nest construction, parasites.

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Large Carnivores of the Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant Exclusion Zone. Shkvyrya M., Vishnevskiy D. During nine years observations on large carnivores of Exclusion Zone have been carried out. Species composition and the number of large predators in the Exclusion Zone correspond to the regional conditions. The presence of bears and permanent stay of the lynx in the Exclusion Zone was confirmed. Six wolf packs were counted. The use of an anthropogenically transformed areas, the shift of the daily regime of activity and characteristics of the diet are the most specific features of this animal group.
Key words: wolf, lynx, bear, exclusion zone.

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Development of the Ethmoidal Region of the Chondrocranium in the Grass Snake, Natrix natrix (Ophidia, Colubridae), Embryogenesis. Sheverdyukova H. V. The development of the ethmoidal region of Natrix natrix`s Linnaeus, 1758 chondrocranium at different stages of development is described. For the first time an independent appearance of the planum antorbitale and its independent centre of chondrification are described in snakes. Also for the first time for snakes the presence of processus maxillaris anterior was revealed. The hypochoanal cartilage is shown to develop as an independent structure.
Key words: embryonic development, chondrocranium, ethmoidal region, Natrix natrix.

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Biometrics and Taxonomic Status of Myotis blythii (Chiroptera, Vespertilionidae) from Crimea: Odontometric Characters. Ghazali M., Dzeverin I. Crimean Myotis blythii were attributed by various researchers either to European subspecies, M. b. oxygnathus, or to Middle East subspecies, M. b. omari. Crimean M. blythii are intermediate between the two subspecies in their odontometric characters, however they are more similar to M. b. oxygnathus.
Key words: Myotis blythii oxygnathus, Myotis blythii omari, teeth, variation, Crimea.

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A New Species of Oochoristica (Cestoda, Linstowiidae) from the Arabian Toad-Headed Agama, Phrynocephalus arabicus (Sauria, Agamidae), from the United Arab Emirates. Schuster R. K. Eight complete strobilae of Oochoristica phrynocephali Schuster, sp. n. were recovered from small intestines of 4 out of 13 Arabian toad-headed agamas, Phrynocephalus arabicus from Dubai emirate, United Arab Emirates. O. phrynocephali belongs to a group of Oochoristica species possessing circular suckers and fewer than 25 testes in a single cluster. It can be distinguished from O. sobolevi, O. elongata, O. parvogenitalis, O. feliui, O. jonnesi, O. macallisteri, O. lygosomatis, O. junkea and O. novaezealandae by smaller scolices and lesser diameter of suckers.
Key words: Oochoristica phrynocephali, Cestoda, Linstowiidae, Arabian toad-headed agama, Phrynocephalus arabicus, UAE.

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The First Geogarypid (Pseudoscorpiones, Geogarypidae) in Rovno Amber (Ukraine). Henderickx H., Perkovsky E. E. The first Geogarypus found in Rovno amber appears to be conspecific with Geogarypus gorskii Henderickx 2005, a species known from Eocene Baltic amber.
Key words. Pseudoscorpiones, Geogarypidae, Rovno amber, Ukraine.

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A New Species of the Genus Paraphlegopteryx (Trichoptera: Lepidostomatidae) from India. Parey S. H., Singh Saini M. A new species of genus Paraphlegopteryx Ulmer is described and presented from Indian Himalaya, namely Paraphlegopteryx weaveri Parey et Saini, sp. n. from Zemithang (Arunachal Pradesh) belonging to the P. composite group. As an addition to this genus the 15 valid species from India is represented. A key to all the 15 species of India which is modified after Weaver (1999) is provided.
Key words: Paraphlegopteryx weaveri, Lepidostomatidae, Arunachal Pradesh, India.

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Distribution and Bionomics of Udea alpinalis (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae) in Western Carpathians (Slovakia). Panigaj L., Kulfan M. Here we summarize all known and new localities with occurrence of Udea alpinalis (Denis et Schiffermuller, 1775) in Slovakia. Furthermore, based on our data we discuss distribution, hypsometric claims and variability of forewings design.
Key words: Alpine pearl, Udea alpinalis, Lepidoptera, distribution, variability.

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