Vestnik Zoologii

Volume 38, No. 2 (March-April, 2004)
abstracts

Phylogenetic relationships of Coelacanthia and Archaschenia, two spinose rissoids (Mollusca, Gastropoda) from the Miocene of the Eastern Paratethys. Anistratenko V. V. - The Miocene rissoids Archaschenia Zhgenti, 1981 and Coelacanthia Andrusov, 1890 are not directly related, but have common ancestors in the Mohrensternia Stoliczka, 1868 lineage. They have evolved from the different species of Mohrensternia, which immigrated into the Ponto-Caspian area of the Eastern Paratethys from the Mediterranean. Archaschenia merklini Zhgenti, 1981 and A. iljinae Zhgenti, 1981 have evolved from Mohrensternia barboti Andrusov, 1890 or a related species during the Karaganian, whereas Coelacanthia quadrispinosa Andrusov, 1890 evolved from Mohrensternia subinflata Andrusov, 1890 during the Maeotian. The morphological data available suggest that Rissoa Desmarest, 1814, Mohrensternia, Archaschenia and Coelacanthia should be considered as separate genera within the family Rissoidae. The recently introduced for these taxa (Anistratenko, 2003) family Mohrensterniidae Korobkov, 1955 (with the subfamilies Mohrensterniinae Korobkov, 1955, Coelacanthiinae Anistratenko, 2003 and Archascheniinae Zhgenti, 1991) is considered as insufficiently substantiated.
Key words: Gastropoda, Rissooidea, phylogeny, taxonomy, Miocene, Paratethys.

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On the taxonomy structure of the superfamily echinocotyloidea (Cestoda, Cyclophyllidea). Spassky A. A. - We have renewed family Echinocotylidae Ariola, 1899 that belongs to the superfamily of the same name which includes families Confluariidae Spassky fam. n., Diorchidae, Diploposthidae, Fuhrmanacanthidae Spassky, fam. n., tribes Anatinellini, Laricanthini Spassky, trib. n. They are all secondary amphibionts whereas the representatives of the families Hymenolepididae and Oligorchidae are atmobionts. Possible taxonomic and ecological connections of family Echinocotylidae are analyzed. Family Confluariidae, fam. n. is marked out where genera Confluaria, Colymbilepis, Enclosaria, gen. n. are differentiated. Two new types of larvocysts are defined - confluarocyst (type species Confluaria podicepina) and enclosocyst (type species Enclosaria furcifera). The studies show that superfamily Echinocotyloidea includes family Oligorchidae - parasites of land birds, primary atmobionts, and Aploparaksidae, Echinocotylidae, Fimbriariidae - parasites of hydrophilic birds, secondary amphibionts.
Key words: cestodes, Echinocotyloidea, Confluariidae, Fuhrmanacanthidae, Hymenolepidoidea, Laricanthini, Anatinellini, Enclosaria, confluarocyst, enclosocyst.

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The influence of migration processes into the species diversity micromammalia communities. Mikheyev A. V. - Data obtained in field experimental investigation of migration processes in small mammals communities are presented. Tendency of change in species composition and some species number under migration influence are observed. On the base of different statistical indexes use, the main features of micromammalia communities species diversity under different forest biogeocoenoses conditions are revealed.
Key words: micromammalia, migration, forest biogeocoenoses, species diversity, ecology.

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Probable directions of evolution of karyotypes of the European Lymnaeidae (Mollusca, Gastropoda, Pulmonata) in the light of modern Concepts of phylogeny of the family. Garbar A. V., Manilo V. V., Korniushin A. V. - Comparative karyological study of 9 species of European lymnaeids shows considerable variability of the chromosome morphology (NF varies from 60 up to 72) and reveals diagnostic characters at the level of species and genera. Comparison of karyological data with the reconstruction of phylogenetic relations in the family based on morphological and molecular attributes suggests that initial karyotype of this group included 36 chromosome pairs, 5-6 of which were acrocentric; such a karyotype is peculiar for Lymnaea s. str. and Corvusiana. Further transformation of uniarmed chromosomes in biarmed took place, apparently, independently in different evolutionary lines, without change of the diploid number. The majority of advanced taxa is characterized by the absence of acrocentric and prevalence of meta- and submetacentric chromosomes. Karyotype of the genus Radix, differing by a smaller diploid number (2n = 34), apparently originated from the latter karyotype; thus, participation of Robertsonian fusions in its transformation is excluded. Trends of evolutionary transformation of lymnaeid karyotypes are compared to those in other groups of freshwater snails.
Key words: Lymnaea, karyology, karyotypes, morphology, evolution.

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Functional interpretation of differences in the structure of masticatory apparatus of the mouse-eared bat species, Myotis myotis and Myotis blythii. Ghazali M. A. - Craniometric measurements, by which discrimination between similar vespertilionid bats Myotis myotis (Borkhausen, 1797) and Myotis blythii (Tomes, 1857) is possible, were examined. Additionally to the standard measurements, the specific ones were taken: mandibular (height of the coronoid process, total length and postdentary length of the mandible, height and breadth of the mandibular body) and dental (height, length and breadth of the canines, big premolars and molars). These measurements define mastication function of the skull. Besides, masticatory areas of the molars, the module of the upper molars (evaluation of the dental size), mandibular robustness index and gape index were analyzed. Whereas M. myotis is more specialized in Coleoptera, and M. blythii prefers Orthoptera and small Diptera, it could be supposed that: 1) bigger magnitudes of the height of the coronoid process, canine size, the module of the upper molars and the masticatory areas of the molars reflect specialization on the beetles; 2) mandibular robustness index and gape index are not significant for the species discrimination; 3) the height of the coronoid process is important functional trait that can be used as a weighty identification measurement.
Key words: Myotis blythii, Myotis myotis, skull, jaw, diet.

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Development of primary kidney of Minke Whale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata, and Walrus, Odobenus rosmarus. Gilevich S. A., Nechaeva O. V. - There was described the morphogenesis of primary kidney of Minke wqhale, Balaenoptera acutorostrata Lacepede, 1804, and separate stages of development of Walrus Odobenus rosmarus Linnaeus, 1758, primary kidney. The made comparison discovered that pace of mesonephroses morphogenesis of investigated animals are different. The presence of archaic signs in structure of Minke whales primary kidney is shown. The results obtained make use to determine periodisation of embrryonic development of Mysticeti.
Key words: Minke whale, walrus, primary kidney, morphogenesis.

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Oak broadly leaf-mining moth (Acrocercops brongniardella) and other mining moths on oak. Communication 2. Morpho-biological and Ecological Characteristics of Acrocercops brongniardella and other leaf-mining oak pests. Nikitenko G. M., Fursov V. M., Gershenzon Z. S., Sviridov S. V. - Morpho-biological and ecological characteristics of oak broadfly leaf-mining moth (Acrocercops brongniardella) and 11 species of leaf-mining oak pests is given at the first time: Gracillariidae - Caloptilia alchimiella Scopoli, Phyllonorycter roboris (Zeller), P. quercifoliella (Zeller), Tischeriidae - Tischeria ekebladella (Bjerkander), T. decidua Wocke, T. dodonaea Stainton, Oecophoridae - Epicallima formosella (Denis et Schiffermu#ller), Nepticulidae - Stigmella ŗtricapitella (Haworth), S. ruficapitella (Haworth) and Plutellidae - Ypsolopha sylvella (Linnaeus), Y. vitella (Linnaeus).
 ey words: leaf-mining pests, Lepidoptera, moths, phytophagous, oak, ecology.

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Ecological and faunistic structure and dynamics of species composition of the Noctuid Moths (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae) of Dahursky Nature Reserve. Khomenko V. N., Golovushkin M. I., Kluchko Z. F. - Summary information on the Noctuid moths fauna of Dahursky Nature Reserve as observed during 1973, 1988-1992. 227 species of 113 genera have been recorded. An analysis of species abundance, its seasonal dynamics, zoogeographic and ecological structure changes during the observation period are outlined.
Key words: Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, fauna, species composition, ecological-faunistic structure, seasonal dynamics, Dahursky Nature Reserve.

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New species of Myxosporea from genus Kudoa (Myxosporea, Multivalvulida) found in muscles of some fishes the Sea of Japan. Aseeva N. L. - Two newey found species of myxosporeans are described from muscles of greenlings (Kudoa azoni) and perch (Kudoa sebastea) caught in the Peter the Great Bay (Sea of Japan).
Key words: fish parasites, myxosporeans.

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The first record of Aphallus tubarium (Trematoda, Cryptogonimidae) from the Black Sea. Korniychuk Yu. M., Gaevskaya A. V. - The trematode Aphallus tubarium (Rudolphi, 1819) Poche, 1926 is found in the new host, the pipefish, Syngnathus typhle Linnaeus (Pisces, Syngnathidae) caught near coast of the Black Sea. Morphological description and figure of trematode are given. The genus Aphallus is recorded from the Black Sea for the first time.
Key words: trematodes, fishes, Black Sea, fauna, Aphallus tubarium, new records.

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The colony structure and fenology of Reticulitermes lucifugus (Isoptera, Rhinotermitidae) in artificial fine forests of Kherson Region. Tur L. P. - The paper consists data on colonies structure and seasonal life cycle of termites Reticulitermes lucifugus Rossi, 1792 in artificial fine forests in southern Ukraine.
Key words: Reticulitermes lucifugus, fenology, life cycle, termites colony.

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Finds of Barbus waleckii (—yprinidae) in Ukraine, with brief remarks on species of the genus Barbus, Occuring in the Dniester and Vistula drainages. Bogutskaya N. G., Movchan Yu. V., Freyhof J. - Discussed is the distribution in Ukraine of Barbus waleckii Rolik, 1970, which is reported of upper reaches of the Dniester, and its diagnostic characters are given compared to those of Danube barbel, B. petenyi Heckel, 1852, and common barbel, B. barbus (Linnaeus, 1758).
Key words: Barbus, taxonomy, fish fauna, distribution, Dniester, Vistula.

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