Vestnik Zoologii

Volume 35, No. 1 (January-February, 2001)
abstracts

New Species and Subgenera of the Genus Tetroppia (Acari, Oribatei) from Mongolia. Gordeeva E. V., Bajartogtokh B. - The diagnosis of the genus Tetroppia Gordeeva, 1999 has been added: rostrum without teeth or with teeth and incisions, the femora IV is maceform or with appendices on the wided proximal parts. The definitions of three subgenera of this genus have been given: T. (Tetroppia) stat. rev. (the type-species Oppia clavigera Hammer, 1952) (the rostrum teeth are absent, the femora IV are maceform), T. (Dentoppia) subgen. n. (the type-species T. (Dentoppia) metulifera Gord. et Bajartogtokh, sp. n.) (the rostrum teeth present, the femora IV are maceform) and T. (Drukoppia) subgen. n. (the type-species T. (Drukoppia) montana Gord. et Bajartogtokh, sp. n.) (the rostrum teeth are absent, the femora IV with appendices on the wided proximal parts). Four new species T. (Dentoppia) metulifera sp. n., T. (Dentoppia) dentifera Gord. et Bajartogtokh, sp. n., T. (Drukoppia) montana, sp. n. and T. (Drukoppia) nana Gord. et Bajartogtokh, sp. n. from Mongolia are described and figured.

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Mordellid Beetles of the Genus Stenalia (Coleoptera, Mordellidae) of Central and Eastern Palaearctics. Communication 2. Odnosum V. K. - S. vladimiri Odnosum, sp. n. (type locality: Azerbaijan, Naxšivan, Bilav vill.) and S. dzhulfae Odnosum, sp. n. (type locality: Azerbaijan, Naxšivan, vicinity of ăulfa (=Julfa)) are described. S. iranica Horak, S. ascaniaenovae Lazorko and S. bilyi Horak are redescribed based on study of their type series, with addition of newly discovered characters (e. g., shape of the pygidium and its ratios comparing to the anal sternite, elytra and prothoracal disk). Morphological diagnoses of little-know species, S. araxicola Khnzorian, S. brunneipennis Mulsant, S. testacea (Fabricius), and S. gracilicornis Baudi, are improved. The holotype of S. vladimiri sp. n., S. dzhulfae sp. n., as well as the holotype, the allotype and paratypes of S. ascaniaenovae are deposited at the Schmalhausen Institute of Zoology, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv.

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Some Problems of the Taxonomy of the Pteraspids (Agnatha, Heterostraci) from Podolia (Ukraine). Voichyshyn V. - The genus Podolaspis Zych, 1931 should today be considered to include three species, i. e., Podolaspis podolica (Alth, 1874), P. lerichei (Zych, 1927), and P. zychi (Brotzen, 1933), taking into account that distinguishing the first two of these species is difficult. The first, not quite correct description of the genera Parapteraspis Stensi÷, 1958 and Mylopteraspis Stensi÷, 1958 led to different nomenclative readings. Genus Parapteraspis is proposed to be considered sensu Novitskaya (1986) and the genus Mylopteraspis, sensu Blieck (1984). The analysis of published literature gives good reasons to think that the holotype of Zascinaspis bryanti (Brotzen, 1936) is the only known specimen of this species. One specimen of the reviewed material, which could be referred to Z. bryanti, shows, however, a triangular pineal plate in a non-contact type orbito-pineal belt. Its place among pteraspids remains undetermined. At this point, further progress depends upon determination of the limits of species variability of characters such as the morphology of the orbital and pineal regions. A preliminary review of this variability in Z. heintzi (Brotzen, 1936) is provided. Short diagnoses of Podolian pteraspid genera, suitable for practical use, are given.

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Paracamelus minor (Camelidae, Tylopoda) - a New Camelid Species from the Middle Pliocene of Ukraine. Logvynenko V. M. - Paracamelus minor sp. n. - a new species from the Odessa Catacombs locality (Ruscinian, MN-15) in the Northern Black Sea area of Ukraine is described. Small size, moderately swelling of the mandibular body, considerable reduction of P3 and some other peculiarities in the construction of P4 and M1 differs this species from all known representatives of the genus Paracamelus.

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New Records of Proteid Salamanders (Amphibia, Caudata) from the Pliocene of Ukraine and Lower Pleistocene of Moldavia. Averianov A. O. - Two isolated proteid vertebrae are described: the first is from the Pliocene Kotlovina locality, Ukraine, and is referred to Mioproteus sp., whereas the second is from the lower Pleistocene Chishmikioi locality in Moldavia (former USSR) and is referred to "Mioproteus" wezei. This problematic species is distinct from the Miocene M. caucasicus and may pertain to a distinct genus that includes aquatic ancestors for the modern troglobitic Proteus.

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Copepoda Calanoida of the Shatski Lakes (Ukraine). Samchishina L. V. - 4 species of two families of Calanoida (Diaptomidae and Temoridae) were found in the 11 lakes: Eudiaptomus gracilis (Sars), E. graciloides (Lill.) E. coeruleus (Fisch.) and Heterocope appendiculata Sars. The last records confirm belonging the Shatski Lakes to the Baltic Province of the North-European superprovince. The illustrated redescription of the H. appendiculata is given. New morphological characters of female's and male's V thoracal legs are discussed.

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Character of Reproduction Ability of Markhor (Capra falconeri) Being Acclimated in the South of Ukraine. Steklenev E. P. - Sexual behaviour of markhor acclimated under South Ukrainian conditions is characterised with distinst seasonal impression of sexual reflexes, fruitful mating and bearing of progeny; it is restricted (limited) by 2,5-3 winter months (December-beginning of March), what caused progeny bearing in May and June the following year. The period of relative sexual repose lasted during spring-autumn period and is characterized with fading of gametogenesis in spring - first half of the summer and gradual activisation in the second half of the summer in the coorse of the daylight reducing. As a rule, markhor males and females reach their puberty on the 3rd year of the life in the season of highest sexual activity; well developed females may display sexual activity on the 2nd year of the life. The reproductive ability of markhor males and females is bound by 12-14 years age.

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Contribution to the Morphology of Old-Stage Larva of the Weevil Liparus glabrirostris (Coleoptera, Curculionidae). Nazarenko V. Yu. - The description using chaetotaxy of L. glabrirostris KŘst. larva is given. Short notes on native food plants and feeding peculiarities of larvae of this species are provided.

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Investigation of the Peripheral Nervous System in Representatives of Genus Phrynocephalus (Reptilia, Agamidae). Veselovsky M. V., Vasilevskaya H. I. - By means of macro-micromorphological methods an attempt was made to compare the organization of the peripheral parts of autonomic and somatic nervous system in Ph. versicolor Species which is the nearest to the ancestral forms of Phrynocephalus genus, and in Ph. guttatus dwelling in various landscape areas. The nervous structures, investigated in these near species of "guttatus" group, are considerated as the most labile evolutionary link. Described sings characterize both features of likeness and could be used to specify the systematic status of this reptiles group.

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Mirandulinae subfam. n., a New Subfamily of the Dilepidoidea (Cestoda, Cyclophyllidea). Spassky A. A., Buga M. L. - We propose the diagnosis of a new subfamily Mirandulinae subfam. n. (Dilepididae, Hymenolepidata), the type genus and species - Mirandula parva Sandars, 1956 from the Australian marsupial badger. In the family Dilepididae there are 5 subfamilies: Dilepidinae Fuhrmann, 1907, Monopylidiinae Witenberg, 1932, Lateriporinae Spassky et Spasskaya, 1977, Paroniinae Spassky, 1978, and Mirandulinae subfam. n. Shown his morphological and ecological peculiarity and difference from other subfamilies and from family Dipylidiidae Stiles, 1896 (subordo Taeniata). The subfamilies Lateriporinne and Paroniinae may accept as a independent families. In the subordo Taeniata we recognise 8 families: Taeniidae, Paruterinidae, Biuterinidae, Metadilepididae, Anonchotaeniidae, Gryporhynchidae, Dipylidiidae and Mesocestoididae with two subfamilies: Mesocestoidinae and Mesogyninae. In the subfamily Lateriporinae we distinguish the new genus Borgarenia Spassky, gen. n., with type species Lateriporus solitariae Borgarenko, 1975, the parasite of snipes.

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The New Species in the Fauna of Ukraine Sinanodonta woodiana (Bivalvia, Unionidae), its Diagnostics and Possible Ways of Introduction. Yurishinets V. I., Korniushin A. V. - Sinanodonta woodiana (Lea, 1834) was collected in the Danube-Sasyk channel in the South-West Ukraine. This is the first Ukrainian record of thň East Asian species earlier introduced to several countries of West and Central Europe, as well as to Central Asia, probably with the herbivorous cyprinid fishes from China which are the hosts for glochidia of this species. Provided are descriptions of the external morphology of adult shell and glochidium. Problems of taxonomy and species diagnostics in the genus Sinanodonta are briefly discussed.

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Ligula Invasion of Monkey Gobˇ (Neogobius fluviatilis) in Some Estuaries of North Western Black Sea Region. Kvach Yu. V. - The monkey goby, Neogobius fluviatilis (Pallas, 1811) is the most abundand species of the family Gobiidae in the Khadzhibey and Dniester estuaries. We have revealed that in the Khadzhibey estuary the extensity and intensity of invasion with Ligula pavlovskii Dubinina, 1959 is larger than in the other reservoirs. Sizes of ligulae was found to be larger than mentioned in the literature. We have registered that the invasion influences the biological condition of fish. The mass invasion of monkey goby is connected with the intensive consumption of plankton crustaceans.

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New Species of Oxybelus (Hymenoptera, Sphecidae) from Kazakhstan. Kazenas V. L. - The new species - Oxybelus fuscus Kazenas, sp. n., found in clay-solonchak desert in foothills of east spurs of the Zailiyskij Alatau is described. The new species morphologically is close to O. uniglumis, but sharply differs by coloring of a body and legs, and also by vestiture of the face (the frons is almost wholly covered by vestiture directed downwards), more rough body sculpture, clypeal structure of female and male and some other features.

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New and Little Known Species of Cryptocephalinae (Coleoptera, Chrysomelidae). Lopatin I. K. - Two new species of the genus Cryptocephalus Jeoffroy are described. Cryptocephaius potanini, sp. n. fits near C. saliceti Zebe differing by the top coloration. Cryptocephalus macilentua, s­. n. is one of the smallest species of the genus; it fits near Đ. dilutellus Jacobson, differing by the aedeagus structure. Based upon study of type material, some new synonyms and new replacement names for homonyms are proposed.

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